Synthesis of the Literature on Employment Creation in Nigeria’s Agriculture and Agro-Industries in the Context of Inclusive Growth

There exists a large body of literature examining the real and potential link between agriculture/agribusiness and employment creation. However, no such comprehensive review linking these two important issues has been undertaken for Nigeria. The study seeks to contribute to the literature by identifying and reviewing policy relevant studies on employment creation in agriculture/agro-processing in Nigeria.

The potential of agriculture and agribusiness to promote inclusive growth in Nigeria is enormous. It is labour intensive in nature and capable of producing the enormous raw material needs of the industry as well as produce food for the teeming population. Despite this high potential of agriculture for promoting diversified, inclusive and sustained growth, unemployment remains unacceptably high in Nigeria over the years.

The concept of inclusive growth suggests that the economic growth recorded is sufficiently broad-based, cuts across the sectors that make up the economy, benefits the most people including the vulnerable, marginalized and disadvantaged ones, and induced increased employment. Four components or indicators of inclusive growth include economic inclusion, social inclusion, spatial inclusion, and political/institutional inclusion. When related to agriculture and agro-industry, inclusive growth suggests a growth pattern that results in obvious benefits of improved welfare and livelihood of those engaged in activities related to this sector through increased employment, income and other welfare maximizing results

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